Chile-Preventive Control of Identity

control

The new old forms of controlling and repressing :

On the 5th of July the Preventive Control of Identity began to be regulated in all the country (Chile) following its publication in the Official Diary of Modification to the law 20931. In simple terms, this regulation allows the police to randomly carry out an identity control check to anybody over 18 years old through a fingerprint reader or an identity card.

From the start of this new regulation many citizens, along with government authorities and even members of parliament have been monitored. These last aforementioned cases have been widely publicized throughout the bourgeoisie media in order to give the impression that this rule would be fairly applied without imposing any sort of social discrimination. However, despite the positive charade advertised through the mainstream media, the reality of this regulation is very different.

Firstly, the characteristics of this rule leave a lot to be desired. As it is a random inspection it allows a lot of arbitrariness and police intuition, who as we all know are the most classist and racist members of our society. Therefore, it is unlikely that this rule will ever be applied to the identity control of somebody from an upper class neighbourhood. On the other hand, this regulation would increase police presence in working class neighbourhoods, as the police have to be out in the streets looking for people to control.

If our society as a whole will be affected by this, social movements will suffer the consequences of this regulation even further. For example: any kind of protest. The police will obviously try to control the participants of the march with the sole purpose of annoying and harassing them, just like they end up doing in most protests. We have already seen this throughout the year in student protests, mainly in the metro stations, which are places where police have been spotted monitoring students, and this was even before the application of the Preventive Control of Identity. The most unbelievable aspect of this is that the regulation can only be applied to those over 18 years old. Did the police apply this new law to suit their own conveniences and guidelines?

The Preventive Control of Identity is one of the most nefarious laws ever written in this country. It reminds us of the worst moments of the Dictatorship. It evokes into our memories the times under the Arrest for Suspicion regulation. This change, in conjunction with all the other existing laws in our republic, are the things that we most detest and we dream of the day when these are viewed as meaningless words instead of laws that repress our rights.

Indomitable

Oasis de Calama.

https://periodicoelsolacrata.wordpress.com/2016/08/22/control-preventivo-de-identidad-las-nuevas-viejas-formas-de-controlar-y-reprimir/

 

Translated by Pietro Casati Kuyath (pietrokuyath@gmail.com)

Remembering our young comrade Javier Recabarren

Santiago: The context of the march for “the closure of the metropolitan zoo”

Brief ideas surrounding the “International day of fight to close all zoos, 24th, 25th and 26th July .

The conflict against the culture of domination imposed by the State/Capital means that we have to bring our values and ideological reflections into the fight to strive for liberation.

Our detachment with values like empathy and solidarity are signs of a sick society, whose only aspiration is consumerism. This irrational lifestyle treats each human or animal as exchange goods for the process of production of the world trade.

Power has altered us into a society that views torture and assassinations as a natural aspect of life. This explains why other oppressive institutions like jails are also presented as normal elements, either as a form of punishment or as a way to correct the faults of the productive system. For animals this reality is presented through zoos: Their “social function” is to provide education and entertain humanity. Meanwhile, behind bars the suffering of thousands of animals is regularly maintained by distancing them from their natural conditions and instincts. These animals only gain stress, sickness and death.

This tragic reality remains in front of us, along with the isolation of thousands of animals that wait for their turn to die and continue to give their services to humans through food, clothing or decorations.

And here we are: we are the ones who have to act. Liberation is a path of constant confrontation to stop being apathetic bystanders and take action by abandoning our harmless “lifestyles” that don’t seek any resolution or conflict, whilst millions of lives suffer and end behind the bars of experimentation centres, breeding farms and zoos.

PROPAGANDA AND SABOTAGE FOR TOTAL LIBERATION

We remember the young anarchist fighter Javier Recabarren, who died on the 18th of March this year after being run over by a bus from the company Transantiago.

javier-recabarren

On the 18th of March our comrade Javier Recabarren died after being run over by a bus outside of his school. However, this 11 year old boy was no ordinary kid. Whoever crossed his path noticed his unshakeable desire for freedom.

He was a member of the “Animal collective: Raise your voice” and participated in extensive manifestations for animal liberation initiatives. He also regularly performed anarchist activities that involved practising revolutionary solidarity with our comrades in prison. Naturally, he was also involved in the Street Fights, fearlessly facing the police and burning flags of the United States. These actions led him to be detained by the bastards on several occasions.

The war that Javier started is a clear sign to keep fighting against all forms of power and authority, along with continuing the fight for animal liberation and practising revolutionary solidarity in order to ensure that Javier’s vision prevails and transcends… This young fighter inspires us to maintain our chosen path towards total liberation.

¡¡COMRADE JAVIER RECABARREN: PRESENT!!
¡¡Today we will give you a minute of silence… and a lifetime of fighting!!

CLR / 25 July, Santiago 2015.

Santiago: En el contexto de la marcha por el “cierre del zoológico metropolitano”

28th July 2015 |Tags: Latin America, ChileColectivo Lucha RevolucionariaJavier RecabarrenAnimal Liberation, memorySantiago | Categories: Publicaciones – Panfletos

Translated by Pietro Casati (pietrokuyath@gmail.com)

New mining, same old story…

CalicoGhostTownwarningsign
El Pilpilén Negro N°01 – Marzo 2015

Mining is one of the many industrial activities consisting in the exploitation of natural “resources” through the extraction of raw materials that- in the case of Latin American capitalism (and in any part of the “third world”) – are not manufactured locally, limiting productive activities exclusively to exportation, thus supressing any local economic activity that could be generated through the mineral.

The extraction and processing of minerals is an activity that has prevailed for millennials in America –and probably all across the world- as minerals are a natural substance that our ancestors used for several activities: cultural, religious, artistic, etc. Our historical ancestors indicate that the Atacameños were the first community in our territory that extracted minerals from the rocks in order to obtain red pigments that were used in many different contexts, such as body paint, funerary offerings and art. Metal production was immersed into a lifestyle of high residential mobility characteristic of the coastal areas and was developed to respond to immediate necessities like the loss or fracture of functional tools for agricultural activities. This production was not centralized because it wasn’t serving the production of prestige goods. Instead, it produced useful objects for hunting and fishing. This refutes two common ideas ingrained into official history in regards to human groups extracting metal:

1) That they were complex societies with a growing production control
2) That metallurgical processing was determined primarily by status goods with specific functions for the reproduction and transmission of social class differences.

The metallurgy of coastal societies was developed in undivided societies that held no control or domination over the means of production. Essentially, they only created useful artefacts for their everyday lives. The use of the mineral was therefore a regular and systematic activity in coastal groups, constituted by a society of fishermen, collectors, hunters and miners, immersed in an equal society that prevailed for millennials.

Until they came for the gold. The looting of minerals started with the conquest, colonization and invasion of the Spanish Empire in America. This quick pillaging created an easy way for the old world to enrich itself again, not only through the abundance of gold, but through the incalculable amount of people that were systematically enslaved for the extraction of raw materials.

During the colonization process, the exploitation of riches grew exponentially, influenced by the explosive industrialization of the world through the Industrial Revolution. Thus, the myths of “development and progress” were introduced as the only paradigm for achieving social evolution, hence why new raw materials like steel and silver started being systematically extracted in all the colonized continents.

With the birth of the State of Chile, and after the Independence war perpetrated by a dominant minority that proposed “managing all the wealth” and subjugate the community to serve as a cannon fodder to seize power; mining exportation was consolidated as the main source of enrichment of the State, at the cost  of impoverishing the entire population. Mining exploitation served as a means to pay for the importation of machines and railways by foreign capital for the investment of their businesses, which started to accumulate more bourgeois mining, trade and financial capital. The first railway (Caldera-Copiapó), propelled by Weelwright- an English negotiator- was an initiative of “attention to the necessities of the mining region” once silver was discovered in 1832. With the “Politica del Nuevo Trato” (1955) a reduced tax payment was imposed to businesses looking to increase investments in the mining industry, thus generating the absolute submission and domination of American companies over Chilean copper. In 1971, through left-wing party Popular Unity, an attempt arose to nationalize copper. This initiative ended abruptly with the installation of a new neoliberal model and implementation of the Mining Law, which established property rights on mining through the legal act of “free concession”. This law was elaborated by José Piñera and Hernán Büchi, ultimately transforming mining into private property.

That way, mining sites of copper, gold and other natural resources- like water- became the private property of those who managed it, exempting them from any payments for the value of resources in their fields. This unconstitutional law was a fundamental incentive for big global industries, as through this legislation they managed to obtain not only the usual profits from the capital, but were also able to decide the value of copper and gold, which transformed it into a huge profit. With the return to “democracy”, governments have not only continued applying this dictatorial law of copper –endorsing private property in the mineral deposits-, but have also perfected other legislative mining aspects by adding new incentives that have strengthened the interests of extractivist capitalism.

Nowadays, the global population is more informed and worried about the impact of mega-industry projects on the environment, however these industries present theirselves with misleading friendly marketing strategies to alter public perception. Through this marketing strategy they have managed to ingrain the false idea that they are “working for the integration of the community” and “the social, environmental and touristic development”. How can a mining camp, which would provoke evident destruction, encourage these values? How can this ever be possible?

The main areas of development in the zone, (like olive farming, fishing and extraction of seafood) would be severely affected by the productive process that Dominga proposes: through two open pits they intend to produce approximately 12.000.000 tons of steel and 150.000 tons of copper. That is almost two-thirds of the amount envisioned in Chuquicamatam, where they intend to exploit 95.000 daily tons. The contamination from this process would spread through the air an immeasurable amount of harmful matter for human health, animals and plants.

One of the main “advantages” that the project suggests is that it won’t be necessary to install a new thermoelectric in the zone to supply energy, as the interconnected system (SIC) will provide it.  However in order for the SIC to supply this energy for such a big mega-project they have resorted to barricading rivers and drying valleys to build dams and hydroelectric plants, thus devastating all the natural surroundings and lives of our brothers. It is a vicious circle that sustains a development model of extractivist capitalism based exclusively on the destruction of the environment for the creation of “economy, work and progress”. This economic model only benefits the privileged classes in the urban zones, at the expense of the devastation of rural communities. We already know that if this industrial devastation doesn’t stop, all the inhabitants of the earth will die.

Specifically, the norther area of Chile already represents a critical case, as human life is becoming increasingly hostile due to the lack of water, destruction and devastation. One of the latest examples of this can be seen in Caimanes (town in Chile), where the mining company of Pelambres has dried the valley of Choapa, thus leaving the communities without any water, consequently affecting their health, productive activities and all other aspects of their lifestyle. One of the biggest threats of the mega-project Dominga is the quality and conservation of water, as the minerals that they intend to extract lay beneath an aquifer that provides clean drinkable water to the population of the localities of Los Choro and Punta de Chorors. This point might not seem problematic to technocrats, as they propose implementing a catchment system that would divert the water from the aquifer towards another direction. This is a process that has no guarantees of ever working, it is only a prototype with no history of ever being used that is meant to guide an essential substance for our existence: the blood of the earth.

Let’s not forget that water is already a huge problem and that the droughts are a product of global warning accelerated by industrialization, specifically by mining, agroindustry and any other activities and processes that transform raw materials into products to purchase in our hyper-consumerist society. Mining industries are also currently investing in water desalination plants, which through the extraction of seawater will not only capture water but also any living organisms and kill them in the process, whilst also generating a liquid with a high content of salt and toxic substances that will remain in the sea. Another mega-project of destruction is the Megapuerto, located in Caleta Totoralillo Norte, which would bring big large boats with sonar technology that would render the entire marine area inhabitable for dolphins, wales and any other abundant form of ecosystem in the coast.

The mining exploitation projects represent a devastation of any ecosystem.  As communities of this valley we must be conscious of the territory we live in and defend it, working to obtain clean, fertile surroundings that belong to us.

Translated by Pietro Casati

Geography becomes an obstacle for pillaging

https   elpilpilennegro.wordpress.com
El Pilpilén Negro N°03 – Octubre 2015

Many villages, communities and rural localities around Latin America are currently facing one of the most complex environmental and social problems. The consequences of the industrialization of the planet are quickly becoming visible on a daily basis for the lives of millions of human beings. Climate change, lack of water, the absence of oxygen in the seas, the melting glaciers, the expansion of deserts, deforestation, widespread contamination stemming from mining… These are all the result of more than 200 years of systematic irrational unlimited extraction of the “resources of the world”.

Every day, those who live in the fields, hills or seas of Latin America can see and witness how petroleum is being constantly dumped into the sea, how transnational companies are contaminating our water with cyanide, how the number of those suffering from cancer is increasing, how villages are left dry and devastated after the closing of a mine or how thousands of hectares in the native woods are being inundated to generate energy. We also listen and inform ourselves of the huge quantity of mega-projects that are currently being approved not only in Chile, but in all Latin America, or the other thousand ones that are currently pending approval. We ask ourselves: what is happening? If these transnational companies are fully aware of all the consequences, then it is clear that these initiatives intend to accelerate the extraction of resources at the expense of our lives.

The extraction of raw materials in huge volumes, as a “model of development and progress” in local territories, are imposed by justifying the devastation as a necessary and natural process beneficial “for our wellbeing”, thus replacing ancestral Latin-American lifestyles for a new lifestyle devoted to consumerism and productivism. This model is nothing new in the Latin American continent and other third world countries, especially given how since their “discovery” they have been sacked continuously for those who have “invested” in their natural resources. This is a nefarious economic model that through the years has been perfected and that now possesses it’s most terrifying dimension ever: All of Latin America currently faces one of the biggest project redesigns of infrastructure that has ever been imposed in the world, the IIRSA (Initiative of integration of the South-American infrastructure). This is a mega-project on a continental level whose goal is to change the geography of the continent to facilitate and intensify the extraction of resources.

To understand the full extent of what the IIRSA means and entails, it should be noted that it is an initiative motivated by the necessities of the global market. None of us are a part of this organization, as it’s a system of economic relations for transnational businesses and international economic organizations (BID, etc.). It’s a system entirely based on the international division of labour, a colonial economic model in which multinational businesses are responsible for 75% of the global production of raw materials. In this context, Latin America has become one of the main providers of desired raw materials like petroleum, minerals, timber, seafood, toxic waste and soybean, among many others, extracting from its ground and sea anything possible for profit. Currently, the advance of technology at the service of transnational businesses allows them to extract resources from any place in huge quantities at an extremely accelerated speed. The only obstacle for this pillaging is ironically the geography of the Lain American continent: The Andes, the jungles and seas… These are obstacles which the IIRSA intends to destroy through the implementation of massive construction schemes: roads, pipelines, airports, power lines…

The IIRSA initiative began in 2000 in Brasilia and it is a pact between 12 countries of South-America (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Uruguay and Venezuela), and the Latin American Bank of Development (BID). In this agreement, the project of reconfiguration of Latin American geography was initiated, which is intended to take place through the Initiative for the Integration of the Regional Infrastructure of South America (IIRSA) all across the continent. These pacts have already been defined –according to the IIRSA- as “multinational territory borders in which natural spaces, human settlements, production areas and trade flows are concentrated”. Each one of these strips of land will be changed in order to interconnect extractivist territories and set up trade corridors with exit points towards the coasts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Essentially, the IIRSA entails the construction of big infrastructure to connect production centres with consumption ones; thus cheapening and accelerating the transfer of raw materials, further facilitating even more the exploitation of minerals, energy resources and further reinforce their social control and domination over the population. Thus establishing new borders for the importation of raw materials and riches to demanding areas (mainly Asia).

 

To understand the magnitude of the pillaging extractivist problem it is enough to observe how transnationals described our Abya Yala as (name given to the American continent by the Kula village before the arrival of Europeans): “a great area full natural resources, of which there is no limit for their extraction”.

Despite the fact that many communities throughout the continent are facing the consequences of the IIRSA, this is a project that people are rarely discussing. In fact, the IIRSA has already started its construction and very few people in Chile know this. In Bolivia, the TIPNIS (National Park and Isiboro Indigenous territory) is facing the construction of a road that intends to halve their natural park, thus threatening the extinction of these indigenous communities and fauna. Meanwhile, in Peru, the inter-oceanic road currently being built in Madre de Dios has already led to an invasion of land and widespread contamination created by the mining of gold and petroleum extraction. Similarly, in Colombia, the region of Putumayo faces more construction projects by the IIRSA: the Amazonian river, in which roads and ports are intended to be built to render the river more navigable, condemning communities to disappear.

Many times we ask ourselves: is there anything else? How much more? Do we really have to produce so much to achieve progress or to achieve that promise of happiness and wellbeing for the future? Nowadays we possess knowledge thanks to the information flux that we have been forced to live in. The huge quantity of industrial and extractivist mega-projects that are being installed in the region don’t contribute to our development or quality of life, in fact it is quite the opposite: these projects impoverish, sicken and contaminate our land and health. We know this because it has been demonstrated throughout history. Ultimately, the IIRSA serves the interests of transnational corporations interested in extracting the highest quantity of profits by murdering our territory, natural resources and human beings.

Translated by Pietro Casati

The thirst for the sea: lack of water and new extractivist markets

Shuaibah IWPP Saudi Arabia

El Pilpilén Negro N°04 – Mayo 2016

Several decades ago the idea came along through state institutions that we would soon be submerged into a water crisis, arguing that the growing population and climate change were solely responsible for the lack of water. Through this official diagnosis by the State and means of communication, certain fundamental questions arise in which it is necessary to stop and understand the reality of the situation, starting from the ingrained notion: is there a lack of water? Unfortunately, we manifest that we are on a crucial stage of humanity that is facing severe difficulties to obtain this vital element- access to water is already impossible for some people. Farmers, indigenous communities and citizens of all over the world have already witnessed the lack of water in wells, rivers or sources of pure water, and have been forced to leave their crops, homes and  lifestyles. In many cities of the planet restrictions have already been imposed by the authorities that entail the decrease of domestic consumption of water, in many cases even punishing those who disobey these regulations, arguing that “we”, the masses, are responsible for this “lack” of water and we will also be the ones that will suffer the consequences.

It is also true that no type of strict water restrictions have been imposed on large productive transnational industries, which consume a huge quantity of water for their constant production, particularly those in livestock and mining industries (among many others). Despite this hypocrisy these industries haven’t had to reduce a single drop of water during this drought context, as a matter of fact it is quite the opposite: Everyday they demand and waste more water. According to the statistics from the own General Water Association, “For the year 2012, it was estimated that the consumption of water was 142 Mm3. In the short term this consumption would increase to 154 Mm3 in 2017 and at an even larger stage in the long term”.

Therefore, it is contradictory to assume that we find ourselves in a water crisis when industrial activity intends to continue functioning at the same pace by increasing its millions of Mm3 annual water consumption. Didn’t the means of communication constantly blame us for this problem and force us to reduce our own water consumption? Wasn’t it recently in 2015 when the government launched their campaign “Take care of water”? This was a campaign which restricted our domestic water consumption (60 litres for showering, 12litres to wash our hands…). These contradictions can only be exposed by understanding the context of economic extractivism in which were are submerged: the processes of extraction of raw materials demand a constant supply of water determined by the necessities and demand of the global market– where the only goal is to achieve infinite growth without considering the consequences that it entails on the planet or local territories where these “resources” are currently being extracted. This is highlighted by University professor Luís Enrique Granados, who stated that “In our capitalistic world there is not enough water for infinite growth”

This growing demand for water by the global industry, despite the consequences that it entails for the common population, has led to a new political and transnational class to promote “new markets for water”, along with the privatisation of water infrastructure, inciting major financial institutions to invest in “these initiatives”.  In this context many countries have installed seawater desalination plants, arguing that they are “a strategic solution for the lack of water”. Currently 17.000 desalination plants exist in the world, mainly in Saudi Arabia, USA and Spain, where it has been promoted as an efficient technique, including “ecological”, creating the dangerous idea that “the sea is an endless source of material, capable of limitless supply, regardless of it rains or not”.

The desalination of seawater consists in the extraction of “sweet water”. Through tubes placed on the beaches and rivers, seawater is pumped into the plants. Once there, the water is then submitted to a treatment where all solid remains are separated and chemicals are added to “clean it”. In the particular case of Chile, which nowadays hosts the largest mega-projects of mining extraction, they are contemplating the installation of desalination plants, which would supposedly help construction and operation processes, along with “giving water to the population”. A particular example of this can be observed in La Higuera and the mining project of Dominga that they intend to install here. Through the information released by their promotional videos (youtube.com Conoce Dominga: Agua de Mar) the desalination plant “will allow the mines to operate 100% with seawater in all its processes and gives a part of the water to the people living in La Higuera”. He then continues: “this way Dominga pretends to double the availability of water for human consumption”.

The attached video mentions protection measures for the safeguarding of the sea, “the temperature of the sea won’t change thanks to our technology”, what technology are they referring to? This is not explained. Several pieces of evidence point out the devastating impact registered in the coasts provoked by desalination plants. The residual water from the desalinization process have a much higher quantity of salt than any original seawater, different temperatures and contain toxic chemical elements used in the process of purification.

Through these studies it has been established that the fauna, especially sessiles like oysters, corals and several types of seaweed suffer the biggest impact from this industrial process because as opposed to fish, these creatures can’t swim or move. Similarly, many other species are forced to “adapt” to these changes and salt increases. However these processes of adaption require major efforts of their energy to stay alive, as they suffer from a reduction of metabolic processes like photosynthesis, reproduction, etc. Other than the factors mentioned beforehand, desalination plants can also damage their tissues, causing their death. Therefore, there are overwhelming consequences for the fauna of all the coasts of the planet.

Similarly, the discharges of brine from the desalination plants produce and contribute to the modification and structure of the community and a decrease in fauna diversity. They also weaken and decrease the quantity of molluscs and crustaceans, which are replaced by certain species of annelids (worms).

It is also important to expose the impact and consequences of the use of desalinated water in human consumption, especially in crop irrigations. According to the studies, the ground and crops are eventually damaged after a few years due to the high sodium content in the water. Vegetables and many types of fruits are especially sensitive to sodium, thus decreasing the quantity and quality of food products for human consumption.

The impact of desalination plants can’t be reduced to the effects that they have only upon the living creatures of the sea. An installation of this type has already created a wide array of problems that many people have decided to turn a blind eye on. In certain countries like Israel, where desalination plants were installed a decade ago, the effects have been particularly noticeable: one of the most horrifying ones being the necessity to start decontaminating seawater other than just desalinating it, as the brine discharge has contaminated the same coasts were the water is collected in the first place. Essentially, they are removing the salt and consuming the same dirty water that they have leaked.

It should be noted that in this global economy, the production of water during the desalinization process transforms a natural resource which we consider a public good into a commercial product that requires investment and profits from investors…other than producing water for private companies these transnational groups are formed by actionists or bosses that do not belong to the locality and who are capable of bribing and corrupting local governments if their profits aren’t satisfactory.

One of the most alarming effects is that these desalinating plants are connected to other industrial initiatives –in the Chilean case mining projects-, thus motivating transnationals to finance even more projects. It this sense, it is fundamental to understand that desalination plants are merely another tool inside the large extractivist machinery.

Translated by Pietro Casati

El Sol Acrata, Chile: COMMUNITIES FIGHTING AGAINST THE RESERVOIR OF RELAVES TALABRE

talabre

SOME OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF MINING AND EXTRACTIVISM

We share this article, originally published in El Sol Ácrata N°31 (Abril, 2016), where we reflect on the geopolitical key in regards to the problematic Proyecto RT-Sulfuros, which implicates, among many nefarious activities: the enlargement of the Tranque de Relaves in the Salar de Talabre and the installation of new processing plants and associated infrastructure. Additionally, the project involves many mining initiatives that want to sack natural resources and exacerbate the dispossession of the communities in the desert of Atacama, in the north of the Chilean region. We must fight for the sake of the world against these mining initiatives!

For a couple of months the communities of Chiu Chiu and Calama have been fighting against the approval of the RT Sulfuros project, as the program enables the expansion of the Tranque de Relaves located in Talabre by turning it into in  large industrial landfill for mining. The project, dependent on Codelco, seeks to expand the operating capacity of the reservoir, despite the nefarious ecological and social consequences that it generates to the local communities.

The most immediate consequence of this project is the irreversible damage done to the aquifers of the river Lola, as they have been affected by the filtration of polluted elements through the underground aquifers, caused by the lack of impermeability of the reservoirs. This situation largely impacts the Chiuchiu community because agriculture is one of the main activities of the subsistence of their population. This could even cause a fragmentation of social relations amongst the members of this community, as the program makes it impossible for them to continue ancestral traditions of cultivating the land. Thus, the project imposes upon the community a different style of life based on the mining model – extractivism and a sacker of natural resources, protecting the myth of abundance and supposed necessity of “development and progress” for the population.

We know for a fact that these debates are equally just as useless as the “environmental studies” that represent mining companies, whose donations, “mitigation” methods, promises of “entrepreneurial responsibility” and “technological innovation” are just a smokescreen to reduce their taxes and avoid responsibility for their role in the ecological devastation that is affecting a large part of the desert of Atacama.

Unfortunately, the enlargement of the reservoir is not the only plan that the RT Sulfuros project has envisioned: The program is also looking to extend its scheme onto six other communes of the region (Calama, Sierra Gorda, Antofagasta, Mejillones, Tocopilla y María Elena). Additionally, RT Sulfuros is also contemplating the installation of a desalination plant (14kms from the south of Tocopilla). It also wants to build 160 kms of subterranean tubes (under the river Loa), powerlines, a concentrator plant and find new ways of plundering; all of which would have their exportation point in the already critical port complex of Mejillones. All of this with the intention of exploiting 354.000 tonnes of copper and 7.000 tonnes of molybdenum annually, as declared by Codelco.

In the same way, this project represents one of the multiple plans of destruction of the territory by transnational firms. These companies finance the mining programs in total complicity of the Chilean government and the rest of the South-American states, who do nothing more than put a price on our natural resources and favour their exploitation by facilitating the quick circulation of merchandise on an international scale through oceanic corridors, long roads, power stations and other large scale projects. These programs are approved through deals like the I.I.R.S.A (Integration of infrastructure in regional South-America), a pact signed by UNASUR (South-American United Nations) in May of 2008. It should be noted that groups and projects like RT Sulfuros, the enlargement of the port of Mejillones and the internationalization of the airport in Antofagasta not only entail environmental damage in the desert of Atacama but also in Argentina, the Paraguayan territory and the south of Brazil.

As a result of all of these events we support the necessity to fight for the defence and autonomy of these territories, rejecting those who try to change these movements into political agendas or negotiate our future behind the backs of the communities. Other than worsening this problematic matter from a geopolitical perspective, as pointed out by colleagues of “El Kintral”, a reflection that goes further than “environmentalism of each square feet of land” needs to be implemented in order to build and strengthen new community relations between us and nature. This is what our territory and the health of our communities depends on rather than the judicialization of politics.

Fight for our world!

Against capitalism and mining!

Artticle taken from Chilean anarchist newspaper El Sol Acrata (https://periodicoelsolacrata.wordpress.com/ultima-edicion/)

Article translated by Pietro Casati